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[ first records of Sopot | beginning of Sopot | nineteenth century Sopot | Sopot before Second World War | Postwar Sopot ]
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[ Sopot Wyscigi | Sopot Karlikowo | Sopot Kamienny Potok | Sopot Brodwino | Upper Sopot | Downtown | Map of Sopot ]
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Sopot is divided into several districts; each one has something different to offer with its own history. A long time ago they used to be separate villages, which over time have been grown into one settlement, and eventually in 1901 Sopot was promoted to the status of town. But downtown is the main district with its vast tourist base and beautiful beaches. .
What does Sopot have to offer? Wide beaches, the warm waters of the Gdansk Gulf, equipment to rent once you are on the beach, a yacht club where not only can you rent equipment, but also hire an instructor. Beautiful parks with special paths for bikes, but do not worry, there is a place to rent bikes as well. There are tennis courts where you can watch the best players from around Europe competing, or you can just take to the tennis court to play yourself. There is Aqua Park in case the weather is rainy with many swimming pools and saunas. There is horse racing, including a school to learn how to ride a horse. With its beautiful forest and wide beaches the ride is one unforgettable moments while staying in Sopot. There is a music festival in Sopot known as the famous forest opera. There are health resorts where you can just rest or get special treatments, for example baths in salt water for various illnesses. On top of this there is a huge entertainment sector with disco clubs, pubs, restaurants and cafes and a wide selection of hotels ranging from cheap to more expensive rooms. And of course there is the inviting atmosphere of a friendly cozy small town, where you can feel like you're at home.
The downtown area is located between the Gulf of Gdansk and scarp, which stretches between the town's southern and northern borders. This area covers about 2 square kilometers (about 1.6 square miles) and at its highest point reaches about 4 meters above sea level. The area is about 550 meters wide in the south and gradually narrows to a few meters in the north where it shares a border with Gdynia . The region started to take its present geological form about 7 thousand years ago after the ice age. It used to be filled with treacherous swamps, which divided the early settlement and gulf. At the beginning of the 17th century the first drainage ditches were constructed to dry this area. This change gave rise to the beginning of a small fishing settlement. The shore line consists of a sandy beach which stretches along the entire coast and is about 4.3 km long.
A pier stands in the middle of beach line and extends 450 meters into the sea. The beach is widest in its middle section, where it expands to 110 meters and narrows to a few meters in the north end. The beach is surrounded by sand drifts from the land, which are on average 2 meters high. Sand drifts are an ecological home of rare forms of fauna and for this reason they are under protection. Sand drifts started to form about 5 thousand years ago under the influence of wind and sea waves. If you take a walk towards land you will soon come to scarp, with its picturesque precipice covered with various forms of plant life reaches 30 meters above the sea level and, like the beach, it stretches between the town's borders for about 4.3 km. The scarp is a particularly good representative of a naturally occurring coastal line, a remnant of the Littorina Sea on the Baltic coast, which extended to the scarp about 7 thousands years ago.
The area above the scarp is covered by sandy hills, which were created during the ice age, next to the Gdansk upland line and the bottom of valleys created by erosion which cut into the upland. The area reaches between 11 and 62 meters above the sea level. Part of Tri-City Park belongs to the municipality of Sopot , which is also called Gdansk Upland or Gdansk Heights and is divided by gorgeous erosional valleys. The area is covered by rich vegetation and a variety of trees. It covers about 9 square kilometers and elevates up to 152 meters above sea level. It holds 8 large valleys with gorgeous names which cannot be translated into English. From the Gdansk Upland many brooks make their way to the gulf, most of them having been buried under the ground as canals. They are responsible for the creation of 17 ponds. The names of the largest brooks are; Swelina, Kamienny Potok, Potok Grodowy, Potok Babidolski, Potok KuYniczy, Potok Wiejski, Potok Orodkowy, Potok Haffnera, Potok Karlikowski.